Finally, Tofigh humor magazine in Iran

In 1301, during the reign of Ahmad Shah, Hussein Tawfiq received the privilege of a humorous magazine called Tawfiq. And politics gradually closed and the work became very difficult for many publications, including Tawfiq, so until 1317, this magazine did not have a critical policy and was published mostly with the content of poetry, prose and advertisements. After the death of Hossein Tawfiq, Tawfiq magazine was stopped until in 1319, under the management of his son, Mohammad Ali Tawfiq, its second period began and continued until the coup d’état of August 19, 1943. During this period and after Shahrivar 1320, the political atmosphere became a little more open. Hence, Tawfiq’s articles became political and critical, like many other magazines, while retaining their humorous and humorous style. Political instability due to the instability of governments was the mainstay of success in criticizing the ruling regime, which led to successive sanctions, but in general Tawfiq avoided clashes with the court, only in the midst of the events leading up to the coup d’état of August 28, 1943. The title “Russian sedition” sharply criticized Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Mohammad Ali Tawfiq was arrested for this article on August 19, 1943 in the office of the publication and was first imprisoned in the castle of Falak al-Aflak and then exiled to Khark Island. He was released a year later, provided he was not politically active
Also, the popularity of this magazine reached such a level at the end of the second period of its publication that Tawfiq gradually replaced “Mollansereddin Zamaneh”; Because people now attributed the oral jokes they made to success. The beginning of the third period of this magazine in 1336 solar year, at the same time with the creation of new faces of “Kakatofiq” characters in the awe of “Blackmen”, Kaka Khar), the “nation” (in poor clothes and with a branded hat) and other personalities, including the prime ministers, members of parliament, and others, who were introduced to the occasion and appeared on the cover. The Tawfiq brothers who were in charge of this magazine, only a few months after the publication of the third period of Tawfiq in 1337, issued the license of this magazine in the name of Hassan.

One of the characteristics of the Tawfiq brothers, and especially Hassan Tawfiq (Hassan Tawfiq 29 and his brothers Hussein 23 and Abbas, who managed Tawfiq for 22 years), was that they tried to have a popular image and did not belong to any current or party. Do not be serious and make fun of everyone. Most of the cover ideas were influenced by topics such as folklore, beliefs and rituals and superstitions, songs, oral histories and myths, and in one sentence, Tawfiq’s elitist policy, unlike other satirical publications, focused on the masses and their interests. Imran Salahi, a contemporary poet, writer and satirist, writes about Hassan Tawfiq: “His style was also very interesting. He was very Iranian. Extremely Iranian spaces. “Sometimes, in order to capture a scene or some of the brigades, he would sit on the side of the street and secretly sketch the faces of people or neighborhoods.” Kambiz, a cartoonist, says about Hassan Tawfiq: “He was a very obsessive person who cared a lot about work, and sometimes he worked on the cover design of a magazine for two days.” I have been following Tawfiq since I was 12 years old and my cartoons have been published in this magazine since I was 14 years old. We had meetings twice a week, one of which was cover. When the plan was finalized, Mr. Hassan Tawfiq was told to go and bring two people from the street to see if they understood the purpose of the plan. This is a very important work and it takes a lot of art for all people to understand what you are saying. Popular popularity is hard to find, and success was not only popular but also particularly popular.

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