A leaf from history
Let’s not forget our history Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh describes the last two years of World War II as follows:
“World War I was coming to an end
In the middle of a dark and terrifying night, three scary riders, each carrying a sword and a whip
They slowly passed through the city walls and entered it.
One was named Famine, the other was Spanish Flu, and the last was Cholera. The poor, old and young, collapsed like autumn leaves against the onslaught of these ruthless riders.
No food was found, people had to chew whatever they could
And eat. Soon cats, dogs and crows could not be found.
Even mice had their offspring.
The leaves, grass and roots of the plant were traded like bread and meat.
In every corner, the corpses of the dead were scattered.
“After a while, people started eating the meat of the dead.”
“We read a lot in the history of drought, but I do not think it was worse than drought. We have not seen them to measure this, but we have reason to say that it was one of the hardest droughts, because the sky stopped raining for nine months and the summer harvest. “On the other hand, the Russians sealed the warehouses in many places and took what they found wheat and barley.”
“Worst of all, there was drought and scarcity all over Iran, and it was impossible to bring in wheat and barley, even if it was far away. In the meantime, winter had arrived and the cold was another plague for the poor.”
“Little by little, the colors turned yellow and dark, and those who died of starvation were seen in the streets … A hard and depressing winter was passing.”
Non-Iranians have painted even more disturbing images than in those days, especially on the western border of Iran, which was the target of foreign troops more than anywhere else.
Colonel Am. H. Danaho, a British Army intelligence officer who arrived in Iran on April 5, 1918, as Special Correspondent for the Daily Chronicle, writes in his book Mission to Persia that he had heard much about the deteriorating economic situation and food shortage in the country. The depth of the catastrophe is encountered:
“The corpses of men and women had fallen in the public streets; the wrinkled and dumped ridges of humanity had soared, among their withered fingers could still be seen bunches of grass pulled out of the ground or roots uprooted from fields to ease the torment of starvation.” . “
At other times the emaciated body, which bore little resemblance to a human, crawled on all fours in front of passing cars, begging for a piece of bread instead of a sign. “It’s really necessary to reject such a request.”
On the first day in the land of the hungry king! We had a short stop in Qasr Shirin and the congregation quickly
And quickly the hungry crowd surrounded us. A poor woman holding a child asked us to save her child. We gave him half a can of canned meat and some biscuits and he asked God to forgive us. We were moved by her maternal concern; “Although it was clear that he was suffering from extreme hunger, he did not take a bite out of his own throat until the child was full.”
In Hamedan, bread, the only strength of the poor, was very expensive: “On March 6, Mr. McDonnell, the British consul, officially calculated that 200 people were dying of hunger every day.”
“But the situation got worse. Hungry people who had gone mad from this suffering turned to eating human flesh. Cannibalism has been an unknown crime in Persia so far, so there is no punishment under Persia law. The perpetrators are mostly “They are women and the victims of children who have been abducted in front of their homes or in the crowded bazaars. Mothers who went out to beg for bread were worried about their children lest they be stolen and eaten in their absence.”
“I could never go to the market or walk through the narrow and rugged alleys and not feel the horror of human misery. The children were a little different from the skeletons and they would go around begging for a piece of bread or something that could be used with that bread. “Giving a few worthless coins could not help but wonder whether the fate of these children would sooner or later send them to the kitchen.”
Danahu writes that eight women were arrested and confessed to killing and eating several children out of extreme hunger, including one and the girl’s mother, who were arrested while cooking an eight-year-old girl and later stoned to death in front of the Hamadan Telegraph Office.
Esfahan; Year of cooking
Rasoul Jafarian and Manijeh Koushki describe the situation in Isfahan in the introduction to the book “Punishment of the ungodly and the lesson of the observers in the famine of Isfahan” written by Seyyed Mohammad Najma Al-Waezin Mousavi Khajoui.
The famine of 1336 during the reign of Ahmad Shah Qajar and in the last years of World War II was the second famine in Iran in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries in terms of severity and generality. “
The famine of 1336 AH, which became known among the people as a gathering (famine and starvation) as well as the “year of cooking” and because of the love of this event, people for a long time before the events.
And then measured it by the year of famine. “In Tehran, it was said that fifty people die every day.”
“Strangely enough, as the famine subsided, a disease was found
In general, when people got typhoid and bloating, some people had bloating, especially those who ate grass and blood and other miscellaneous, did not know the so-called back. Surprisingly, there are no more horses, mules and donkeys left from this famine.