August 1852

August 1852 .. Captain Alfred von Gummons, an Austrian officer in the service of Nasser al-Din Shah, writes a letter to his friend while he is moved by the disgust and horror of the events he witnessed: “” ..  .  my friend .  How can you imagine what I have seen with my own eyes …  Those whose violent and ruthless executioner gritted their teeth one by one,  Or naked skulls shattered by hammer blows,  Or when the market is decorated or lit.  To show the tortured victims, candles were dug, holes were dug in their backs and shoulders, and lighted candles were lit in place of the wounds.  They are chained together and circled around the city  And the agents whip them.  They have peeled the soles of their feet and soaked them in melted oil And because Bahamas put them in shoes and force them to run  While the rain of the executioner’s whip is not over ..  .  I personally had to see these scenes, which were eventually hung upside down on a tree.  And every Iranian is free to do whatever he wants despite their half-lives. I read what I have written again. I think that you and those around you will say that I have exaggerated.  But God is my witness.  I have to endure these events because of my duty.  Now I go out less so that I do not see these crimes in the corners of the city and the bazaar.  Even after their deaths, their bodies are cut into pieces and beaten at the city gates or thrown into the desert to be eaten by dogs and hyenas … I have applied for transfer several times, but I have not succeeded ….  .  In those days, the Baha’is who were arrested were divided among different classes of people.  It was at the suggestion of the Prime Minister that he avoided carrying the burden of responsibility and distributed it among the people so that they each had their share.  Victims of equality between scholars, ministers, statesmen, the army, lawyers, judges and the people of the city, businessmen and others. Victims were divided equally among ulema, ministers, state rulers, the army, lawyers and judges, and the townspeople, merchants, and artisans.  And each acted in his own way.  For example, the Secretary of State fired a shot to rescue the victim and then dismembered the body before returning to work.  (All these events have been recounted in the headlines of the official Tehran newspaper at that time)  % b2-% da% a9% d8% a7% d9% be% db% 8c% d8% aa% d8% a7% d9% 86-% d8% a7% d9% 84% d9% 81% d8% b1% d8  % af-% d9% 81% d9% 88% d9% 86-% da% af% d9% 88% d9% 85% d9% 88% d9% 86% d8% b2 /

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